07 3447 0299


Hip Anatomy

The hip is one of the body's largest joints. It is a ball-and-socket joint. The socket is formed by the acetabulum, which is part of the large pelvis bone. The ball is the femoral head, which is the upper end of the femur (thighbone).

The bone surfaces of the ball and socket are covered with articular cartilage, a smooth tissue that cushions the ends of the bones and enables them to move easily.

Services offered by Ipswich Orthopaedic Group

Hip Joint

The most common cause of chronic hip pain and disability is arthritis. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and traumatic arthritis are the most common forms of this disease.

  • Arthritis
  • Total hip replacement
  • Revision total hip replacement

Knee Anatomy

The knee is the largest joint in the body and having healthy knees is required to perform most everyday activities.

The knee is made up of the lower end of the thighbone (femur), the upper end of the shinbone (tibia), and the kneecap (patella). The meeting points of these three bones are covered with articular cartilage, a smooth substance that protects the bones and enables them to move easily.

Normally, all of these components work in harmony. But disease or injury can disrupt this harmony, resulting in pain, muscle weakness, and reduced function.

Knee related services offered by the IOG

  • Arthritis
  • Partial knee replacement
  • Total knee replacement
  • Revision total knee replacement
  • High tibial osteotomy
  • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury
  • Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury
  • Medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury
  • Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) injury
  • ACL reconstruction
  • Patellar instability / dislocation
  • Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction
  • Tibial tuberosity transfer
  • Meniscal injury
  • Meniscal trimming (partial meniscectomy)
  • Meniscal repair
  • Cartilage injury
  • Microfracture
  • Cartilage repair
  • Anterior cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstruction with hamstring tendon short graft
  • Arthroscopic surgery
  • Cartilage repair
  • Loose body removal
  • Meniscal repair or excision
  • Microfracture drilling procedure for isolated chondral defects
  • High tibial osteotomy
  • Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction
  • High tibial osteotomy
  • Total knee replacement
  • Revision knee surgery
  • Osteoarthritis of the knee
  • Instability of the knee
  • Instability of the patellofemoral joint
  • Fractures around the knee and patella
  • Ligament injuries of the knee including the ACL
  • Meniscal injuries of the knee
  • Bone and cartilage lesions of the knee
  • Tendon ruptures around the knee
  • Knee stiffness and pain
Knee Joint

Upper Limb

The wrist is a more complicated joint than the hip or the knee. On the hand side of the wrist, there are two rows of bones at the base of the hand. There are four bones in each row. The bones in these rows are called the carpals. The long thin bones of the hand radiate out from one row of carpals and form the basis of the fingers and thumb.

The elbow is a hinge joint which is made up of three bones: the humerus (upper arm bone), the ulna (forearm bone on the pinky finger side) and the radius (forearm bone on the thumb side).

Services offered by the IOG

Elbow Joint

Wrist replacement surgery may help retain or recover wrist movements. It may also improve the ability to perform daily living activities, especially if there is arthritis in the elbow and shoulder.

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Dequervain’s tenosynovitis
  • Trigger finger
  • Cubital tunnel (ulna neuritis)


During standing, walking, and running, the foot and ankle provide support, shock absorption, balance, and several other functions that are essential for motion. Three bones make up the ankle joint, primarily enabling up and down movement. There are 28 bones in the foot, and more than 30 joints that allow for a wide range of movement.

Tough bands of tissue, called ligaments, connect the bones and keep the joints in place. Muscles and tendons also support the joints and provide the strength to make them move.

Foot/Ankle services offered by the IOG

  • Ankle arthroscopy (keyhole surgery)
  • Ankle ligament stabilisation and reconstruction
  • Achilles tendon repair
  • Ankle fracture fixation
  • Minimally invasive ‘keyhole’ bunion correction surgery
  • Ankle fusion
  • Syndesmosis fixation
  • Total ankle replacement
  • Bunion (hallux valgus) correction
  • Cavus foot (high arch) reconstruction
  • Flat foot reconstruction
  • Foot fracture and dislocation fixation
  • Hallux rigidis fusion (osteoarthritis of great toe)
  • Lesser toe corrections
  • Lisfranc injury fixation or fusion
  • Midfoot corrections and fusions
  • Morton’s neuroma surgery
  • Peroneal tendon reconstruction and stabilisation
  • Plantar fascia surgery
  • Haglunds’ lesion and bony spur excision
  • Achilles tendon debridement and reconstruction
  • Triple fusion surgery
  • Subtalar joint fusion
  • Cheilectomy (trimming) of the big toe
  • Toenail surgery
  • Osteoarthritis of the foot and ankle
  • Instability of the ankle (recurrent sprains)
  • Syndesmotic injuries
  • Trauma including fractures, dislocations and tendon lacerations
  • Achilles tendon ruptures
  • Painful bunions
  • Clawed and crooked toes
  • Curly toes
  • Painful joints in the midfoot and forefoot
  • Painful flatfoot (pes planovalgus)
  • Painful high arch (pes cavus)
  • Infected toenails
  • Painful ganglions
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Achilles tendiopathy
  • Haglunds’ Lesions and bony spurs in heel
  • Deformities of the foot and ankle
  • Toe osteoarthritis
  • Joint arthrodesis
  • Ingrown toenail
  • Lesser toe deformities
Ankle Joint

Trauma surgery

Trauma related services offered by the IOG

  • Hip fracture
  • Neck of femur fracture
  • Femur fracture
  • Knee fracture
  • Sports knee injury
  • Tibia fracture
  • Ankle fracture
  • Fibula fracture
  • Foot fractures
  • Toe fractures
  • Acromioclavicular joint dislocation
  • Elbow fractures
  • Forearm fractures
  • Radius / Ulna fractures
  • Wrist fractures
  • Finger fractures
  • Tendon injuries
  • Lacerations
  • Hip, knee and ankle fractures
  • Fractures of the long bones of the leg eg. femur and tibia
  • Peri-prosthetic fractures around hip, knee and ankle replacements
  • Foot fractures and dislocations
  • Forearm, wrist and hand fractures
  • Tendon lacerations and ruptures
Trauma pic